Costa Rica National
Campaign 1856-1857

Click on the pictures
 
 

Hipp's Point & Alvarado's Point, Sarapiqui River
The National Hotel and Castillo Viejo, Nicaragua

 
 
 
Hacienda Santa Rosa, Guanacaste
Juan Santamaria Monument, Alajuela

 
 
 
Monumento Nacional, San Jose
Museo Historico Cultural Juan Santamaria, Alajuela

 

ALVARADO, FRANCISCO
Col. Francisco Alvarado Shot by Sentence, Richmond Whig, March 2, 1858, 4
Col. Francisco Alvarado Abandoned the Fort of Castillo Viejo to Walker's Filibusters, Weekly Wisconsin Patriot (Madison), March 20, 1858, 4
 

CAUTY, GEORGE FREDERICK (1824-1911)
George Frederick Cauty
 

COSTA RICAN ARMY
Officers and soldiers
Genealogia de Cartago hasta 1850
 

GUARDIA GUTIERREZ, VICTOR (1830-1912)

Memorias del general don Victor Guardia

HOLLENBECK, JOHN EDWARD (1829-1885)

John Edward Hollenbeck
 

HIPP, WILHELM CHRISTIAN (1827-1876)
Wilhelm Christian Hipp
 

MONTES DE OCA, FAUSTINO
Letter to John Edward Hollenbeck, May 22, 1857
Letter to Juan Rafael Mora, April 30, 1857
 

MORA PORRAS, JUAN RAFAEL

The President of the Republic of Costa-Rica to the Soldiers of Walker's Army (Dec. 10, 1856)
El Presidente de la Republica a Todos los Costaricences (enero 11, 1857)
 

SANTAMARIA, JUAN

 

SPENCER, SYLVANUS M. (1819-1862)

Sylvanus M. Spencer
 

ZAVALA, JOSE VICTOR

Biografia
U.S. Military Academy, West Point
 

ACADEMIC ESSAYS
Brater, Ian David. “The Grey Eyed Man of Destiny” and the American Press: An Analysis of Antebellum American Media Influence upon the Filibustering Career of William Walker (2004)
Dunn, Roy Sylvan. The KGC in Texas, 1860-1861. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly (April, 1967)

BOOKS
Aguilar Piedra, Raul. La Guerra Centroamericana Contra los Filibusteros en 1856-1857: Una aproximacion a las fuentes bibliograficas y documentales (2012)
Doubleday, C. W. Reminiscences of The "Filibuster" War in Nicaragua (1886)
Jamison, James Carson With Walker in Nicaragua or Reminiscences of an Officer of the American Phalanx (1909)
Levy, Pablo. Notas Geograficas y Economicas Sobre la Republica de Nicaragua (1873)
Lucas, Daniel B. Nicaragua: War of the Filibusters (1896)
Mayes, Guillermo Campaña nacional Centroamericana contra los filibusteros en Nicaragua 1856-1956 (1956)
Montufar, Lorenzo. Walker en Centro-America (1887)
_____. Reseña Historica de Centro-America, Tomo 7 (1887)
Niederlein, Gustavo. The State of Nicaragua of the Greater Republic of Central America (1898)
Obregon Loria, Rafael. Costa Rica y la guerra del 56 (La campaña del tránsito) 1856-1857 (1976)
Roche, James Jeffrey. Historia de los Filibusteros (1908)
Rodriguez Beteta, Virgilio. Trascendencia Nacional e Internacional de la Guerra de Centro America Contra Walker y sus Filibusteros (1965)
Rohrmoser von Chamier, Francisco. La vida en San Jose a mediados del siglo XIX: Remembranzas de Chico Rohrmoser (Revista Herencia Vol. 23 (2), 25-47, 2010)
Squier, E. G. Nicaragua: Its People, Scenery, Monuments, and the Proposel Interoceanic Canal, Vol. 1 (1852)
_____. Nicaragua: Its People, Scenery, Monuments, and the Proposel Interoceanic Canal, Vol. 2 (1852)
Stout, Peter F. Nicaragua: Past, Present and Future (1859)
Walker, William. The War in Nicaragua (1860)
Wells, William V. Walker's Expedition to Nicaragua; A History of the Central American War; and the Sonora and Kinney Expeditions (1856)
 

U.S. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS
Transactions Between Captain Hollins, of the United States Ship Cyane, and the Authorities at San Juan de Nicaragua, 1853
Affairs With the Government of Nicaragua, May 15, 1856
Despatches from B. Squire Cotrell, U.S. Consul in San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, 1856
Despatches from B. Squire Cotrell, U.S. Consul in San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, January-March 1857
Despatches from B. Squire Cotrell, U.S. Consul in San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, April-June, 1857
Despatches from B. Squire Cotrell, U.S. Consul in San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, June-July, 1857
Despatches from B. Squire Cotrell, U.S. Consul in San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, July 25-December 29, 1857
Correspondence between the President of Nicaragua and Commodore Spaulding in relation to the capture of William Walker and his command in December, 1857
Correspondence in relation to the arrest of William Walker by the naval forces under Commodre Paulding, Dec. 1857 to April 1858
 

WEBSITE
 La Guerra Nacional de Nicaragua: Relato Historico por Enrique Bolaños Geyer
 

ARCHIVO NACIONAL DE COSTA RICA

Complementario Colonial 5387
Congreso 5867
Congreso 5881
Congreso 10820
Gobernacion 29012
Gobernacion 29066
Guerra 4746 (Faustino Montes de Oca a Jose Mora con PD de George F. Cauty, Feb. 16, 1857; a Jose Mora, Feb. 19, 1857; George F. Cauty a Jose Mora con lista de 40 de guarnicion, Feb. 19, 1857; F. Alvarado a Jose Mora, julio 20 y agosto 1, 1857)
Guerra 4750
Guerra 4753
Guerra 4784 (Jean Mesnier a Pedro Barillier, enero 20, 1857; a Jose Capriles, Feb. 23, 1857; a Rafael G. Escalante, marzo 19, 1857; a Francisco Alvarado, abril 11, 1857)
Guerra 4784 (Capt. John Erskine to Gen. Jose J. Mora, Jan. 15, 1857)
Guerra 4784 (George F. Cauty a Juan Rafael Mora, mayo 27, 1857, sobre John Edward Hollenbeck)
Guerra 8876
Guerra 8902
Guerra 8943
Guerra 9238
Guerra 9239
Guerra 9242
Guerra 9243
Guerra 9244
Guerra 9246
Guerra 9248
Guerra 9269
Guerra y Marina 4763
Guerra y Marina 4763 (Maximo Blanco, enero 24, 29, 30, 1857; febrero 1, 9, 1857)
Guerra y Marina 4763 (Sylvanus M. Spencer a Juan R. Mora, enero 28, 1857)
Guerra y Marina 8832 (Thomas H. H. Cauty a Rafael Mora, julio 9, 1857)
Guerra y Marina 8875
Guerra y Marina 10868
Guerra y Marina 12908
Guerra y Marina 13148
Guerra y Marina 13438
Hacienda 6045
Hacienda 11499
Hacienda 12614
Hacienda 14811
Hacienda 18500
Hacienda 21172
Juzgado Crimen San Jose 11191
 

DIARIES
A. C. Allen, January 1857
Diario privado de Maximo Blanco, comandante en jefe de la Columna Vanguardia costarricense, diciembre 1856-febrero 1857
Diario de un oficial del ejercito, Dic. 15, 1856-Feb. 10, 1857 (Boletin Oficial, Republica de Costa Rica)
Diario llevado por el Lie. Don Ezequiel Herrera Zeledon, durante la Campaña Nacional 1856-57
 

EL NICARAGUENSE NEWSPAPER

April 12, 1856 to July 19, 1856
August 2, 1856 to November 15, 1856
 

CUBAN FLAG IN COSTA RICA

El General Jose Victor Zavala y la captura de la bandera cubana
La Bandera de Walker
 

MAPS
Rio San Juan 1861
Rio San Juan Project 1854-1931
Rio Grande Projects 1838-1878
Rio San Juan
 

NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
Costa Rica in 1856: Defeating William Walker While Creating a National Identity
173 filibusters who surrendered in Costa Rica, May 26, 1857
Exposicion de los motivos del cambio politico, acaecido en Costa Rica, el 14 de agosto de 1859
Fiero contraataque filibustero

Bombardment of Greytown, New York Times, July 26, 1854

Walker's battle at Virgin Bay, Washington Daily Union, Oct. 4, 1855, 2
The Nicaragua Filibusters, Baltimore Sun, Dec. 27, 1855, 1
Searching the Northern Light- Arrest of the Filibusters, Daily Atlas (Boston), Dec. 27, 1855, 2

The Nicaragua Expedition, Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, DC), Jan. 2,1856, 3
The Alleged Filibusters, New York Tribune, Jan. 16, 1856, 5
Filibusters indicted in New York, New Orleans Picayune, Jan. 25, 1856, 1

Col. Schlessinger Not Defeated, New York Times, April 17, 1856, 4
The War in Central America: Defeat of One Division of General Walker's Army, Daily Union (Washington, DC), April 18, 1856, 2
From Central America: The March of Walker's Army into Costa Rica, Cleveland Leader (Cleveland, OH), April 19, 1856, 2
Battle Between Walker's Army and the Costa Ricans, Daily Illinois State Journal (Springfield, IL), April 24, 1856, 2
Col. Schlessinger, New York Times, April 25, 1856, 3

The Crisis in Nicaragua, New York Herald, May 1, 1856, 1
The Crisis in Nicaragua, New York Herald, May 1, 1856, 1
Interesting Correspondence Between the British Government and Costa Rica, New York Herald, May 3, 1856, 137
Further Particulars of the Rout at Santa Rosa, New York Times, May 1, 1856, 3
"Defeat and Victory of the Walker Filibusters," Macon Weekly Telegraph, May 6, 1856
Nicaragua, Texas State Gazette (Austin, TX), May 10, 1856, 1 (Hipp has lived about 8 years on the bank of the San Juan River)
Filibusters discharged, Boston Post, May 29, 1856, 4

Evacuation of Nicaragua by the Costa Ricans, New York Herald, June 2, 1856, 1
Arrival of the Orizaba, New York Herald, June 2, 1856, 1
Letter of Major Schlessinger, New York Times, June 2, 1856, 1

The Statement of Walker's Men, New York Times, Aug. 21, 1856, 3

Later from Costa Rica, Picayune (New Orleans), Oct. 17, 1856, 1
Nicaragua, New York Tribune, Oct. 21, 1856, 6
Army Register Promotions and Appointments (El Nicaraguense, Oct. 25, 1856)

Register of the Nicaragua Army (El Nicaraguense, Nov. 1, 1856)
Army Register. Promotions and Appointments. New York Tribune, Nov. 17, 1856, 7
Arrival of the Texas- Battles of Massaya and Granada- Walker's Victories, New York Herald, Nov. 17, 1856, 1, 3
Important Nicaragua Revelations, N.Y. Herald, November 22, 1856, 1
Maj. Hess' Reply to Gen. Goicouria N.Y. Herald, Nov. 22, 1856, 1
Filibusterism in Nicaragua, New York Herald, Nov. 29, 1856, 1

Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, Dec. 1, 1856, 1
Interesting from New-Granada, New York Times, Dec. 1, 1856, 3
Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 2, 1856, 1
News from Kansas, New York Times, Dec. 3, 1856, 4
Nicaragua- A Card from the Colonel of the Regular Army, New York Times, Dec. 4, 1856, 1
An Expedition to Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 5, 1856, 2
Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 5, 1856, 4
The Kansas News, New York Times, Dec. 5, 1856, 4
The Walker Government, New York Times, Dec. 8, 1856, 3
Personal, New York Times, Dec. 9, 1856, 4
From Washington, New York Times, Dec. 13, 1856, 1
Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 15, 1856, 1
The News from Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 15, 1856, 4
The Battles at Massaya- The Burning of Granada- Fights Near San Juan del Sud, New York Herald, Dec. 16, 1856, 1
Very Interesting from Central America, New York Times, Dec. 16, 1856, 1
The Decline of Walker's Rule in Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 16, 1856, 4
Affairs in Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 17, 1856, 1
Additional from Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec 17, 1856, 2
Additional from Nicaragua,New York Times, Dec. 19, 1856, 8
Sympathy for Walker, New York Times, Dec 22, 1856, 2
Matters in Nicaragua, New York Times, Dec. 23, 1856, 2
Interesting Correspondence- Practical Aid to Walker's Victims, New York Times, Dec. 24, 1856, 3
The Steamship Tennessee, New York Times, Dec. 24, 1856, 4
Filibusters, New York Times, Dec. 25, 1856, 1
Col. Brantley in Alabama raising a company of volunteers for Nicaragua, Philadelphia Inquirer, Dec. 25, 1856, 1
News from Nicaragua, New York Herald, Dec. 29, 1856, 1
Aid for Walker from New Orleans, New York Times, Dec. 12, 27, 1856, 1
Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, Dec. 27, 1856, 1

Recruits for Walker, New York Times, Jan. 1, 1857, 4
Kansas, New York Tribune, Jan. 1, 1857, 5
A Rare Southern Patriot, Richmond Whig, Jan. 2, 1857, 1
Emigrants for Nicaragua, Jamestown Journal (Jamestown, NY), Jan. 2, 1857, 2
The Tennessee at Norfolk,New York Times, Jan. 3, 1857, 1
Nicaragua: General Hornsby on General Walker, New York Times, 3, 1857, 2
Letter from St. Louis, Saturday Evening Gazette (Boston), Jan. 3, 1857, 3
News of the Day, Alexandria Gazette, Jan. 3, 1857, 2
From Kansas to St. Louis, New York Times, Jan. 5, 1857, 1
THE HEROES OF THE SOUTH IN KANSAS: COL. H. T. TITUS, NY Daily Tribune, Jan. 5, 1857, 6
Kansas, Portland Advertiser (Portland, ME), Jan. 6, 1857, 1
Col. Titus and His Recruits for Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 7, 1857, 1
Col. Titus en route for Nicaragua, St. Paul Daily Pioneer (St. Paul, MN), Jan. 7, 1857, 2
For Nicaragua, Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, DC) Jan. 7, 1857, 3
Col. Titus, Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY), Jan. 7, 1857, 2
Mexican News, New York Tribune, Jan. 7, 1857, 5
Aid for Nicaragua, Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, DC), Jan. 8, 1857, 3
Col. Titus and Captain Mitchell, Belmont Chronicle, Jan. 8, 1857, 2
Col. Titus' Nicaraguan Emmigrants in New Orleans, New York Times, Jan. 8, 1857, 1
Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 8, 1857, 8
Kansas, Cleveland Leader, Jan. 9, 1857, 2
Col. Titus Leaves Kansas with his Followers, New Hampshire Patriot & State Gazette, Jan. 14, 1857, 3
Important from Nicaragua, New York Herald, Jan. 14, 1857, 2
Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 15, 1857, 4
The Nicaraguan Sympathizers in New York, San Francisco Bulletin, Jan. 15, 1857, 3
Walker Aided, California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences (San, Francisco), Jan. 16, 1857, 8
The News at the Headquarters of the Filibusters, New York Times, Jan. 16, 1857, 1
Nicaragua: Official Report of Gen. Henningsen, Times Picayune, Jan. 17, 1857, 1
Escape of Free-State Prisoners, Weekly Oregonian (Portland), Jan. 17, 1857, 1
The "Lion" and the "Lamb," Boston Herald, Jan. 17, 1857, 2
Further from Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 19, 1857, 1
New York Nicaraguans, New York Times, Jan. 20, 1857, 4
Important From Kansas, Washington Reporter (Washington, PA), Jan. 21, 1857, 2
Kansas Affairs- Policy of the Administration Triumphant, New Hampshire Patriot (Concord, NH), Jan. 21, 1857, 2
Matters in Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 21, 1857, 4
Letter from Judge Lecompte, of Kansas, Easton Gazette (Easton, MD), Jan. 24, 1857, 2
Very Interesting from Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 26, 1857, 1
Operations in Grenada, New York Times, Jan. 26, 1857, 2
General Walker, New York Times, Jan. 26, 1857, 4
Later from Nicaragua: Arrival of James Adger- Walker's Case Hopeless, New York Tribune, Jan. 26, 1857, 5 (Sylvanus Spencer)
Advance in Fillibuster Stock, New York Herald, Jan. 27, 1857, 4
Deceased, Sun (Baltimore, MD), Jan. 27, 1857, 4
Passengers Arrived, New York Times, Jan. 28, 1858, 8
Passangers by the Steamship Texas, Times Picayune, Jan. 28, 1857, 4
Waubonsa- In Kansas, Constitution (Middletown, CT), Jan. 28, 1857, 2
Death of a Nicaraguan, Glasgow Weekly Times (Glasgow, MO), Jan. 29, 1857, 2
The Filibusters, New York Times, Jan. 29, 1857, 9
The Emigration to Nicaragua, New York Herald, Jan. 29, 1857, 1
Important from Central America, New York Herald, Jan. 29, 1857, 1
Nicaragua: Evacuation of Rivas, New York Tribune, Jan. 29, 1857, 4
Defeat of Walker's Party at Hipp's Point, Castillo Rapids, and Fort San Carlos, Daily Union (Washington, DC), Jan. 30, 1857, 3
The Transit Route in Possession of the Costa Ricans, San Francisco Bulletin, Jan. 30, 1857, 2
Nicaragua, New York Times, Jan. 30, 1857, 8
Deceased, Ohio Statesman (Columbus), Jan. 30, 1857, 3
Deceased, Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH), Jan. 30, 1857, 1
Another Dough-Face, Richmond Whig, Jan. 30, 1857, 2
Spencer and His Costa Rican Party, Richmond Whig, Jan. 30, 1857, 4
A Fact for Beecher, St. Paul Daily Pioneer, Jan. 30, 1857, 1
Nicaragua, Evening Star (Washington, DC), Jan. 31, 1857, 2
New Phase of the Fight of the Transit Companies, New York Herald, Jan. 31, 1857, 1
Preamble and Resolutions of the Proslavery, Law and Order, of the National Democratic Convention, New York Tribune, Jan. 31, 1857, 5
Letter from Nicaragua, San Francisco Bulletin, Jan. 31, 1857, 2

The Arrested Filibusters, New York Times, Feb. 2, 1857, 3
The Position and Prospects of Contending Forces in Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 2, 1857, 4
Judge Lecompte's Letter to Wm. L. Hearn, Esq., Easton Star (Easton, MD), Feb. 3, 1857, 2
Nicaraguan Meeting New-Orleans, New York Times, Feb. 3, 1857, 2
Important From the Seat of War, New York Herald, Feb. 5, 1857, 2 (E. N. Stagers, U.S. mail agent at San Francisco; Punta Arenas; Lockridge with 217 men, including Gen. Wheat; three forts at the mouth of the Sarapiqui; Col. Kinney living in Greytown in retirement has a personal dislike for Walker and a large claim to lands in Nicaragua; Goicouria)
Foreign News, Pacific Commercial Advertiser (Honolulu, HI), Feb. 5, 1857, 3
Highly Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 6, 1857, 1
Important from Nicaragua, Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb. 7, 1857, 1 (E. N. Stagers, U.S. mail agent at San Francisco;
Col. Titus, The Ripley Bee (Ripley, OH), Feb. 7, 1857
Kansas Correspondence of the Appeal, Memphis Daily Appeal, Feb. 8, 1857, 2
President Pierce Among the Filibusters--Curious Developments, New York Times, Feb. 9, 1857, 4
The Arrested Filibusters, New York Times, Feb. 12, 1857, 3
From Kansas to St. Louis Overland, New York Times, Feb. 14 1857, 10
Interesting from Nicaragua, Boston Traveler, Feb. 18, 1857, 2
Later from Nicaragua, Boston Herald, Feb. 18, 1857, 4 (Cody's Point)
Very Late and Interesting from Nicaragua, New Orleans Picayune, Feb. 18, 1857, 1
Col. Titus and Col. Lockridge Attacked 300 Costa Ricans on Cody's Point, Daily Union (Washington, DC), Feb. 19, 1857, 3 (Cody's Point)
Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 19, 1857, 1
Latest Intelligence, New York Times, Feb. 19, 1857, 1
The News from Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 19, 1857, 4
Punta Arenas, New York Tribune, Feb. 19, 1857, 4
Late and Important from Nicaragua, Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb. 19, 1857, 2
Col. Titus in the Field, Richmond Whig, Feb. 20, 1857, 1 (Cody's Point; Titus; Lockridge; Rescue under repairs)
Later from Nicaragua, Charleston Mercury, Feb. 20, 1857, 2
Costa Ricans Defeated By Col. Titus, Easton Gazette (Easton, MD), Feb. 21, 1857, 2
From Walker, Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT), Feb. 21, 1857, 3
Captain Rudler Not Dead, Daily Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA), Feb. 21, 1857, 1 (Cody's Point)
Arrival of the Tennessee, New York Herald, Feb. 22, 1857, 1
Arrival of the Tennessee from Aspinwall, Daily Ohio Statesman (Columbus, OH), Feb. 23, 1857, 3
Arrival of Steamer Tennessee, Baltimore Sun, Feb. 23, 1857, 2
Arrival of the Tennessee, NY Tribune, Feb. 23, 1857, 4
Later from Nicaragua NY Tribune, Feb. 23, 1857, 5, 6 (Titus arrival; Gen. Edward J. Sanders intoxicated; Battles of Obraje and St. George; interview with Gen. Walker; Lockridge with 2 small cannons at Petacas, 6 miles below Sarapiqui; Lockridge proclamation; British fleet at
     Greytown; Col. Henry Kinney; Dr. Thomas Cody; Dr. Green, British Consul at Greytown; Sylvanus M. Spencer)
News From Western Nicaragua, NY Herald, Feb. 23, 1857, 1 (San Juan River description; Petacas 8 miles below Sarapiqui; Titus arrived with a field piece; Lockridge force 275 men and two 6-pounders; Capt. Erskine offers free passage home to British filibusters; Lockridge
     clearheaded, cool and of undoubted courage; Anderson; attack on Cody's Point; shouts of carajo; Titus fortified himself on Cody's hill; List of mortality and resignations of filibusters)
News From Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 23, 1857, 1 (Battle of Obraje; battle of San George; Gen. Edward J. Sanders in a duel; Rescue had two cannons, a 4 and a 6-pounder; exploring the San Juanillo for two Costa Rican soldiers [Lt. Francisco Quiros and Pvt. Nicolas
     Aguilar Murillo, heading for Greytown; Petacas, 8 miles from Sarapiqui and 25 miles from San Juan del Norte;  filibusters slept on the Rescue that night; Punta Arenas planks floating at full tide; Sarapiqui officered by Frenchmen and Germans; Lockridge proclamation of Jan. 26;
     Anderson accidentaly wounded on shoulder; Titus arrival; brought 8 brass cannon, 6- and 8-pounder; Cody's Point taken; Col. Rudler's account and ambush from a distance of 8 feet; the fort of Hipp's Point; Capt. Farnham and Col. Hall arrived on the 8th; Col. H. L. Kinney)
New of the Day, New York Times, Feb. 23, 1857, 4
Steamer Sierra Nevada, New York Times, Feb. 23, 1857, 7
Later from Nicaragua, Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb. 23, 1857, 2
The Battles in Nicaragua, Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH), Feb. 23, 1857, 3
Glorious News From "Nicaragua," Columbus Tri Weekly Enquirer (Columbus, GA), Feb. 24, 1857, 2 (Cody's Point taken; Col. Rudler; Major Ellis wounded; Lockridge; Punta Arenas)
Fillibuster Expedition Up the San Juan, New York Tribune, Feb. 24, 1857, 4
Additional from Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 24, 1857, 1
Gen. Walker's Position, New York Times, Feb. 24, 1857, 4
Very Latest and Interesting from Nicaragua, Memphis Daily Appeal, Feb. 24, 1857, 2 (Attack on Cody's Point; Cols. Rudler, Anderson; Gen. Wheat; Titus arrival; Lockridge; landing within 3 miles of Fort Sarapiqui; 6 and 9-pounder artillery mounted on
     barge; Rescue withdrew for boiler repairs; Capt. Barrington wounded; Col. Hall; Capt. Farnam; Cody's Point defenders fled in all directions, into the river and the woods; British fleet at San Juan; Capt. Erskine and Capt. DeHossy gave protection to 12 British filibusters; Wheat
     jumped on a box to give a speech)
The Contest in Nicaragua, Springfield Republican (Springfield, MA), Feb. 24, 1857, 2 (landing at Cody's Point, opposite Sarapiqui)
News from Nicaragua, Daily Nashville Patriot, Feb. 25, 1857, 2
Later From Nicaragua, Massachusetts Spy (Worcester, MA), Feb. 25, 1857, 2
The Rumored Defeat of Americans in Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 25, 1857, 5
Departure of the Tennessee, New York Times, Feb. 26, 1857, 1
Additional from Nicaragua, New York Herald, Feb. 27, 1857, 5
Filibustering, New York Times, Feb. 27, 1857, 1
Col. Lockridge Reinforced by Col. Titus, Irish American Weekly (NY), Feb. 28, 1857, 2
From Nicaragua, New York Times, Feb. 28, 1857, 1

Central American Affairs, New York Times, March 2, 1857, 2
Later from Nicaragua, St. Paul Daily Pioneer (St. Paul, MN), March 2, 1857, 2
Desperate Situation of Walker, Cleveland Leader (Cleveland, OH) March 3, 1857, 2
A Steamboat Captain Experience in Nicaragua, New York Times, March 5, 1857, 5 (Capt. Thomas Bunker; Sylvanus M. Spencer;, agent of Vanderbilt San Carlos steamer; Rescue steamer)
How the Expedition Against the San Juan River Was Organized, New York Times, March 9, 1857, 1 (Interview with President Juan Mora; Hipp's Point; Capt. Cauty promoted to Colonel; Barillier; Col. Joaquin Fernandez; Maximo Blanco; W. K. Rogers; Anthony Rudler;
     William Robert Webster)
Costa Rica and Nicaragua, New York Times, March 9, 1857, 4
Late and Important from Nicaragua, Daily Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA), March 14, 1857, 2 (Cody's Point; Lt. Col. E. H. McDonald; Fort Titus 500 yards below Sarapiqui)
Important from Nicaragua, New York Herald, March 14, 1857, 1 (Titus arrival; Fight at Sarapiqui; Lockridge proclamation; Lt. Col. E. H. McDonald account; Purser Edward C. Jewry account)
Later from Nicaragua, NY Daily Tribune, March 14, 1857, 7 (Repeats accounts by Lt. Col. E. H. McDonald and Purser Edward C. Jewry without crediting them; Sarapiqui attasck; steamer Scott taken; Lockridge returned to Greytown and detained by British)
Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, March 14, 1857, 1 (Lt. Col. E. H. McDonald account; Purser Edward C. Jewry account; Col. Anderson crossed Sarapiqui in steamer)
The Chances for Walker, New York Times, March 14, 1857, 4
The War in Nicaragua, Boston Traveler, March 16, 1857, 4 (Cody's Point; Alvarado's Point; landed 500 yards below Sarapiqui)
Later from Nicaragua, Philadelphia Inquirer, March 16, 1857, 1
For Nicaragua: Steamship Texas, Charleston Courier, March 17, 1857, 2
Nicaraguan Affairs, Memphis Daily Appeal, March 17, 1857, 2 (Reprint from the New Orleans Delta of March 12, contains E. H. McDonald and Edward C. Jewry accounta also published on the 14th)
Affairs Of Nicaragua, New York Times, March 17, 1857, 1
The Nicaraguan Questions to be Settled on Commercial Principles, New York Times, March 17, 1857, 4
Late and Important from Nicaragua, Daily Nashville Patriot, March 18, 1857, 3
Later From Nicaragua, Daily Evening Bulletin (San Francisco), March 18, 1857, 2 (Cody's Point; landed 500 yards below Sarapiqui)
Walker's Prospects, Daily Illinois State Journal (Springfield, IL), March 18, 1857, 2
Engagement at Hipp's Point Amounted to Nothing, Daily Illinois State Register (Springfield, IL), March 18, 1857, 2
Later from Nicaragua, San Francisco Bulletin, March 18, 1857, 2
Nicaragua: Engagement at Hipp's Point, Springfield Republican (Springfield, MA), March 18, 1857, 2
Affairs of Nicaragua, New York Times, March 19, 1857, 1 (Machuca rapids 12 miles below Castillo; steamer Texas awaited despatches from Lockridge; attack on El Castillo; one barrel of tar in the country for months; railroad along the side of the fortress by the river; Nelson
     Hill earthworks; steamer Scott disabled; John Ogden one of the finest steamers)
Affairs in Nicaragua, Irish American Weekly (NY), March 21, 1857, 2
Col. Titus in Nicaragua, Boston Traveler, March 21, 1857, 2
Interesting from Nicaragua, New York Herald, March 21, 1857, 1, 8 (Cowardice of Titus; Intercepted Jose J. Mora correspondence)
Later From Nicaragua, NY Tribune, March 21, 1857, 5 (Col. Caycee attacked at San Juan del Sur; 6 British frigates arrived at Greytown previous July; Lockridge, Titus and others arrive at Greytown on March 4; Titus arrested; Capt. Farnum assaulted several people;
     Lockridge sensible, sober, brave; Walker's position in Rivas; Charles W. Conry, W. M. Brown and John Kelly statements; Filibusters promised $25 monthly and 250 acres; Fort Anderson; Fort Sarapiqui "strongly built of logs and earth;" arrival of Titus; attack on Sarapiqui; Lt.
     Holman killed; 3 doctors hid during attack; officers took money from the dead; Fort Titus; 3 cannons: one 6, two 4-pounders; capture of Sarapiqui; wounded Costa Rican said 14 killed, 30 wounded; Englishman said he needed authority from Mora to surrender Castillo; Titus held a
     long parley; Titus men vented disatisfaction; Two companies did not hear retreat order; Titus arrested by British; Titus at Aspinwall with loaded revolver; Capt. Brantley and Lt. Vowels deserted to Aspinwall; William Hart; Thomas C. Stryker)
The Fillibusters on the River, New York Tribune, March 21, 1857, 5
Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, March 21, 1857, 1 (Providencia Island also called San Carlos Island; Attack on Castillo; Titus' account; claimed Castillo commanded by Capt. Spencer and Col. Cauty, displayed considerable bravery. Their gunning he describes as
     very steady and sure; Titus said Allies promised to evacuate, then rested on Kansas laurels; Anderson used strong term against Titus as a commander; Statements of William Brown and James Ryan; only 40 men in Castillo)
Our Foreign News, New York Times, March 21, 1857, 4
Late from Nicaragua, Springfield Republican (Springfield, MA), March 21, 1857, 5
Latest News from Nicaragua, Plain Dealer, (Cleveland, OH), March 21, 1857, 3
From Our New York Correspondent, Daily National Intelligencer, March 23, 1857, 3
Cowardice of Col. Titus, New London Daily Chronicle (New London, CT), March 23, 1857, 2
Important News from Nicaragua, Cleveland Leader, March 23, 1857, 2
News of the Day, Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH), March 23, 1857, 2
Nicaragua, NY Tribune, March 23, 1857, 6 (Titus passenger on the Tennessee; jealousy between Cols. Anderson, Lockridge, Hall and Titus; yellow fever and cholera at Fort Sarapiqui; Four intercepted letters of Gen. Jose Mora dated Feb. 8; Inventory of men in Walker's army; Farnum, Hall and Titus arrived in Greytown on March 3, got drunk and had a brawl)
Nicaraguan News, New York Times, March 23, 1857, 4
The Recent News from Nicaragua- Fact and Fiction, NY Daily Times, March 23, 1857, 4
The Fortune of Walker and Followers, Daily National Intelligencer, March 23, 1857, 3
Arrival of the Tennessee, Charleston Mercury, March 24, 1857, 2 (The steamer Tennessee arrived at San Juan del Norte on the 7th and Aspinwall on the 9th)
A Southern "Hero" in Nicaragua, Lowell Daily Citizen and News (Lowell, MA) , March 24, 1857, 2
An Interesting Correspondence- Gen. Goicouria and Commodore Vanderbilt, New York Times, March 24, 1857, 4
A Fuller Report of the News From Nicaragua by the Tennessee, Columbus Enquirer, March 26, 1857, 2
Exploits of Col. Titus, the Kansas Ruffian, National Era (Washington, DC), March 26, 1857, 51
Nicaragua, Burlington Free Press (Burlington, VT), March 27, 1857, 2
The Late News from Nicaragua, Nashville Union and American, March 27, 1857, 2
Late and Important from Nicaragua, Cherokee Sentinel, March 28, 1857, 2
News From the Fillibusters, Memphis Daily Appeal, March 29, 1857, 2
From Nicaragua, Boston Traveler, March 30, 1857, 4
Important News From Nicaragua, Daily Evening Bulletin (San Francisco), March 30, 1857, 2
Important from Central America, New York Times, March 30, 1857, 1 (120 deserters from Walker; St. George; Sylvanus M. Spencer; Album Semanal account of Titus; partition of Nicaragua between Costa Rica, Honduras and El Salvador; Lorenzo Montufar; Roman Rivas;
     schooner Granada; Calender Fayssoux; map of Walker fortifications at Rivas; number and organization of the filibusters at Rivas; Walker's staff; Gen. Sander's staff; Col. H. K. Rogers; Gen. Fry; Rivas hospitals and native population; mortality; army food; El Nicaraguense;
     operations against St. George; Jocote; chronology of Walker's military operations; filibuster deserters; Walker's justice; how haciendas were acquired; Pierre Soule's hacienda; Costa Rica treatment of deserters; Thomas Frazer account; Filibuster deserters petition others to
     desert; George Cauty account of operations on the San Juan)
Walker's Deserters, New York Tribune, March 30, 1857, 7
Numerous Desertions from Walker's Army, San Francisco Bulletin, March 30, 1857, 2
Additional News From Nicaragua, Georgia Telegraph (Macon), March 31, 1857, 1
Person Character of Gen. Walker, Georgia Telegraph (Macon), March 31, 1857, 1a

Things in Nicaragua, Daily Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA), April 1, 1857, 2
Letter From Col. Titus, Columbus Enquirer, April 2, 1857, 2
Letter From Col. Titus, Columbus Tri Weekly Enquirer, April 2, 1857, 2
Col. Titus Cashiered by Lockridge, Jamestown Journal (Jamestown, NY), April 3, 1857, 2 (Album Semanal account translated; Titus caashiered by Lockridge for cowardice; Cauty took a drink with Titus; Capts. Alvarez and Ortiz arrive with 60 reinforcements)
Walker's Star Has Again Ascended, Newark Daily Advertiser (Newark, NJ) April 3, 1857, 2
Highly Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, April 3, 1857, 1 (Attack on St. George; Sylvanus Spencer has left the country; Lockridge reinforced, reconnoitered El Castillo; Henningsen; Col. W. P. Caycee at San Juan del Sur with 30 rangers on March 10; Callender
    Fayssoux arrived as passenger on the Orizaba, afflicted with fever and rheumatism; Gen. Hornsby and 140 reinforcements from New Orleans arrived at Greytown; John L. Priest, American consul at San Juan del Sur; Fayssoux, small in stature, wiry make, possessing much
    intelligence)
Later From Nicaragua, NY Tribune, April 3, 1857, 5 (Attack on St. George; Sylvanus Spencer has left the country; Lockridge reconnoitered Castillo; Col. Titus landed at San Juan del Sur and gone to Rivas)
Nicaragua, Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT), April 4, 1857, 1
Nicaragua, Ledger and Texan (San Antonio), April 4, 1857, 2
General Walker Still Triumphant, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (NY), April 4, 1857, 6
Nicaragua, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (NY), April 4, 1857, 6
The News from Nicaragua, New York Times, April 4, 1857, 1 (Journal of Capt. William M. Brantley; Lockridge not a good commander; Titus killed a bull at Castillo and  a tyrant; Walker the second Napoleon; George B. Hall; Alexander Jones; Capt. Farnum; Alexander C.
     Jones; Appleton Oaksmith; Lockridge disparaged; Col. Kinney; Gen. Hornesby; Rescue grounded on a rock for three days)
Operations on the San Juan River, NY Herald, April 4, 1857, 1 (Capt. Farnum; Col. George B. Hall; Col. Titus; Fort Anderson; Cols. Rudler and Anderson ambushed; Lt. John P. Homan shot; Fort Titus built for 500 men; a week spent cutting a road parallel to the river;  13 men
     dead in Fort Sarapiqui, others thrown in river; Castillo attackers 150 men worn out by 3 days labor and exposure; Titus landed a mile and a half below Castillo; A large bull fired upon; Brantley sent messengers to look for Titus; Titus agreed to 24-hour truce, let messenger pass and
     had him shot; stragglers claim 500 enemy reinforcements; wounded Lewis Washington left behind; Fort Slatter; Castillo losses 10 killed and missing; Titus lost respect of his men; Titus arrested by British; officers always drunk; Roman Rivas; false rumor Patricio Rivas murdered;
     Lewis Cass favors William Walker)
Letter from Colonel Titus, NY Herald, April 6, 1857, 4
Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, April 6, 1857, 1
Nicaragua, North American and United States Gazette (Philadelphia), April 7, 1857
Gen. Cazneau on Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, April 7, 1857, 1
Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, April 8, 1857, 1
Letter from Col. Titus, Daily Chronicle & Sentinel (Augusta, GA), April, 9, 1857
Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, April 9, 1857, 1
A Letter from Walker's Camp, Cleveland Leader, April 10, 1857, 2
Aid for Nicaragua- Rendevous at Charleston, New York Times, April 10, 1857, 1
Nicaraguan Affairs- The Recent Letter, New York Times, April 10, 1857, 1
The Ethics of Filibusterism, New York Times, April 10, 1857, 4
The War in Nicaragua, New York Times, April 13, 1857, 5 (J. E. Farnum; Frank and Aleck Anderson; John M. Griffin; Walker attacked St. George on the 17th, Henningsen countercharged at Rivas)
Continued Successes of Colonel Lockridge, the Capture of Castillo, New York Herald, April 14, 1857, 1
Later from Nicaragua, New York Times, April 14, 1857, 4
Nicaragua, New York Tribune, April 14, 1857, 6 (USS Saratoga, Capt. Tilton, left for Pensacola March 19; the coward Titus retreated from el Castillo; Gen. Hornsby arrived and tried to take command of Lockridge's men; Lockridge "hard working, sober man, civil and respectful
     with all he meets; 80 filibuster prisoners reparing the ruins of Granada; Henry Gottel; W. Kisane, alias Col. W. H. Rogers, Walker's right hand man; Lockridge dismissed for drunkeness Hall, Farnum and others; Col. Kinney; Lockridge intention to march by Sarapiqui to San Jose;
     Filibuster deserter Charles H. Bull arrived in Louisville; American consul in San Jose refused to assist him; President Mora and Costa Ricans bestowed kindness to them; Costa Rica government paying to ship out filibusters)
Letter from Captain Farnum of the Nicaraguan Army, New York Herald, April 15, 1857, 3
Letter from Colonel Hall, of the Nicaraguan Army, New York Herald, April 15, 1857, 3 (Camp Titus; Gen. Wheat; Col. Lockridge)
Affairs in Nicaragua: The Capture of Castillo, New York Herald, April 15, 1857, 3
Letter from Captain J. Egbert Farmun Concerning Colonel Lockridge, New York Times, April 15, 1857, 1
Nicaraguan Affairs, New York Times, April 15, 1857, 1
The Filibusters in Nicaragua, Daily National Intelligencer, April 16, 1857, 3
Disasters of the Nicaraguan Expedition, NY Evening Post, April 16, 1857, 2
Important from Nicaragua- The Reported Retreat of Col. Lockridge from Castillo, New York Herald, April 16, 1857, 4
Highly Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, April 16, 1857, 1
Arrival of the Tennessee, New York Times, April 17, 1857, 1 (Titus occupying Nelson's Hill; Titus raised white flag to demand Castillo surrender; President Mora order to execute all Americans; Titus says "Save yourself, boys;" Filibuster "never saw so fat a man run so fast
     before;" Titus calls to stand and fight at landing after retreating; American neutral stated 21 men in Castillo; 60 Costa Rican reinforcements; Steamer Rescue joined the Scott at Machuca Rapids on the 20th; Lockridge called Titus a coward; Lockridge apologized after Titus
     grabbed him by the throat; Lockridge sent Titus as messenger to Walker; 4 filibusters killed at El Castillo; Fort Slatter; explosion of the J. N. Scott; Chatham Wheat as fat as a mackerel; Lt. J. W. Gage; Dr. George S. Wier; arrival of Gen. Hornsby and Norval Walker on the
     steamer Texas)
Later From Nicaragua, New York Tribune, April 17, 1857, 6 (Filibusters not yet 13 years old; William Cazneau; Duff Green; Commodore de Brissot; Dr. Thomas Cody in Greytown treated the filibusters scalded on the J. N. Scott; George W. Sites; Petaca a good-size hacienda;
     loud whistle at Petaca Point; Cody's Point; picket guard killed Lt. John P. Homan; Major Robert Ellis; Capt. John W. Patterson; Chatham Wheat; Kelley's Point (store) 8 miles below Castillo and 33 miles above Sarapiqui; water battery at Fort Castillo; Nelson's Hill; Capt. Schlicht;
     Rescue explosion, impaired boiler, negligent engineer; Fort Sarapiqui attack at reveille; Anderson reached Alvarado's Point at noon; sword of Gen. Mora seized; Mora left at noon, 150 men left in the afternoon anf the rest at night; two prisoners taken; J. N. Scott ran aground,
     boiler exploded; 30 killed, 40 scalded; Lockridge disbanded his force and abandoned the San Juan River; Milton Shauman; prior to Titus arrival with one cannon, they had two others, brought by the Texas and the Ajax; Little San Juan 3 miles from Punta Arenas; loud whistle at
     Petacas Point; the pipes of the J. N. Scott leaked so badly as almost to put the fire out; Martin Schroeder; Titus sent a bungo to Lockridge at Greytown that Castillo was surrounded)
Later from Nicaragua: No News from Walker, Castillo Not Yet Taken, New York Tribune, April 17, 1857, 6 (Filibusters less than 13 years old; Cazneau and Duff Green provide assistance in NY; names of 50 returned filibusters; J N Scott explosion; Col. Anderson, Capt.
     Schlicht, and others slightly scalded, others badly scalded, some 30 dead; George W. Sites account; Petacas Point; Titus battalion shot Anderson's men by mistake; Fort Sarapiqui attack commenced at reveille; Anderson and Doubleday attack from Alvarado's Point at noon;
     captured sword of Gen. Mateo Mora; At Castillo Titus shouted retreat and was the first to run; His men did not shoot him for cowardice because he was a colonel; second failed attempt to take Castillo; list of 85 killed and wounded on J. N. Scott; statement of Capt. John W.
     Patterson; Milton Shauman account; Fort Anderson; Fort Sarapiqui account; two Englishmen invited Titus into El Castillo to parley surrender; reinforcement of 800 killed 40 filibusters; second attempt to take Castillo failed; J. N. Scott explosion; Martin Schroeder's story; Titus
     sent bungo to Greytown that Castillo was surrounded; 1/4 filibusters with Lockridge less than 17 years old)
Arrival of the Tennessee: Failure of Capt. Lockridge's Expedition, Philadelphia Inquirer, April 17, 1857, 2 (J. N. Scott is 140 feet long by 25 feet wide)
Battle of Quarisma, Fought by Generals Walker and Henningsen, Frank Leslies Illustrated Newspaper, April 18, 1857, 304
Nicaragua- The Adventures of a Filibustero, Philadelphia Inquirer, April 18, 1857, 1 (Martin Schroeder; Titus sent a bungo to Lockridge at Greytown that Castillo was surrounded; 1/4 filibusters with Lockridge less than 17 years old)
The Nicaragua Head-quarters Abolished, New York Times, April 20, 1857, 1
The Explosion on the San Juan River, Cleveland Plain Dealer, April 21, 1857, 2
Telegraphed to the Advocate: Later from Nicaragua- Arrival of the Empire City, Baton Rouge Daily Advocate, April 28, 1857, 2
Gen. Walker's Position at Rivas, New York Times, April 28, 1857, 1
Later from Central America, Picayune (New Orleans), April 28, 1857, 4, 1
Highly Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, April 30, 1857, 1 (Siege of Rivas; Gen. Juan J. Mora appointed by the Allies their commander-in-chief and Jose Cañas his second; Gen. Mora letter to President Mora; Col. W. P. Caycee bio; Florencio Xatruch letter to USS
     St. Mary's commander Charles C. Davis; Anderson and Wheat arrive at Aspinwall; the partition of Nicaragua settled; evacuation of San Juan del Norte; Col. Cauty declared the San Juan River open; Charles Doubleday; Gen. Hornsby's last report; additional defenses at Castillo
     and Fort Nelson; J. N. Scott explosion; Dr. Thomas Cody; Col. Thomas F. Fisher agent in New Orleans)
The Nicaraguan News, New York Times, April 30, 1857, 4
Affairs at Greytown: The San Juan Open, New York Tribune, April 30, 1857, 5
News from Central America, New York Herald, April 30, 1857, 4 (Lockridge at Castillo; the Boletin Oficial appears in new form as the Cronica de Costa Rica; Gen. Belloso executed in San Salvador; J. P. Hogan)

Washington News and Gossip, Evening Star (Washington, DC), May 1, 1857, 2
Important from Nicaragua, Weekly Herald, May 2, 1857, 142
Col. Titus, Kansas Herald of Freedom (Wakarusa, KS), May 2, 1857
Explosion of the J. N. Scott Near Serapuqui, San Juan River, Nicaragua, Frank Leslies Illustrated Newspaper (New York), May 2, 1857, 4
Important from Nicaragua, Weekly Herald, May 2, 1857, 142
Arrival of the Orizaba and Empire City, New York Herald, May 3, 1856, 137
Arrival of the Illinois, Charleston Mercury, May 4, 1857, 2
The Manifesto of Free Kansas, NY Daily Tribune, May 4, 1857, 6
The Transportation of the Filibusters in British Frigates from Aspinwall to New Orleans, New York Times, May 9, 1857, 1
Central America, San Joaquin Republican, (Stockton, CA), May 9, 1857, 4
An Indignant Fillibuster, Richmond Whig, May 22, 1857, 1
Col. L. M. H. Washington, Daily Illinois State Journal (Springfield) May 25, 1856, 3
Arrival of the Illinois, Boston Herald, May 29, 1857, 2
Doings of Col. Titus at Rivas, New York Herald, May 29, 1857, 1
Surrender of Col. Titus and Others, New York Herald, May 29, 1857, 8
Highly Interesting From Central America, NY Herald, May 29, 1857, 1 (San Jose celebrates firing 100 guns; James Bowie and E. J. Calhoun leave peace message at Castillo; siege of Rivas; Allies bombarded on the 22d with two 24-pounders; Walker lost 300 killed and wounded,
     400 desertions in 3 months and nine fights; Allied losses between 2,000 and 2,500 and 110 prisoners; Allied force reduced to 1,700 men on May 1; Walker had 175 sick or wounded, 250 fit to carry arms, 40 natives and more than 100 prisoners; Walker on April 23 accepted offer
     from Capt. Davis of the St. Mary's to remove 70 American and native women and children; Walker had the cowardice and treachery of Bell, Titus, and Wright; Gen. Sanders drunk, had been routed at Jocote; conclave at Major Bell's quarters consisted of Titus, Bostwick, Dr.
     Johnson, Lt. Miller, Gen. Sanders and Capt. Farrel; Titus )completely lost his head from fear and sneaked off before the others were ready; Titus went to San Juan del Sur and told the officers of the St. Mary's that he had been cut off with Judge Ware; Titus seen under the
     protection of a colored allied officer; Sanders accused Walker of selling the cause and embarking with the money; Lt. Col. Caycee, originally in Chamorro's service, has taken service under Martinez; the schooner Granada seized by Capt. Davis; the Grenada delivered to a former
     slave of a filibuster officer, a "big buck nigger"; description of the Grenada, 2 6-pounder guns)
Nicaragua,New York Tribune, May 29, 1857, 5 (Arrival of Henningsen and Titus; Interview with Henningsen at his residence; assalut on Rivas; USS St. Mary's seized the Grenada; capitulation of Walker and 475 men, 260 effective, 175 sick and wounded, 40 native; Physical
     description of Henningsen, who was never wounded)
Passangers Arrived, New York Tribune, May 29, 1857, 8 (In steamship Illinois from Aspinwall: Col. H. T. Titus; Gen. C. F. Henningsen)
Capitulation of Gen. Walker to the Commander of the St. Marys, Weekly Herald (New York), May 30, 1857, 170 (James Bowie and E. J. Calhoun leave peace message at Castillo)
Steamship Illinois, Charleston Mercury, May 30, 1857, 2

Col. Titus and Walker Feud, National Aegis (Worcester, MA), June 3, 1857, 2
Letter From Col. Titus, New York Herald, June 9, 1857, 8
List of Letters Remaining in the NYC Post Office, New York Herald, June 13, 1857, 3
General William Walker, of Nicaragua, New York Herald, June 15, 1857, 1
Downfall of Walker, San Francisco Bulletin, June 16, 1857, 2
Latest New Granada News, San Francisco Bulletin, June 17, 1857, 1
Additional Nicaragua News, San Francisco Bulletin, June 17, 1857, 2
A Run to Nicaragua, Wooster Republican (Wooster, OH), June 18, 1857, 1 (Background of Filibusters and incentive)
Col. Lockridge's Apology, New York Tribune, June 19, 1857, 7

Gen. Wheat, Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, VA), July 4, 1857, 2
Letter from Col. Titus, Columbus Enquirer, July 7, 1857, 2
What They Say Of Themselves, Daily National Intelligencer, July 7, 1857
To The Editors of the National Intelligencer, Daily National Intelligencer, July 8, 1857, 2
Gen. S. A. Lockridge of Nicaragua, Frank Leslies Illustrated Newspaper, July 11, 1857, 11
Letter From Col. Titus, The Semi-Weekly Raleigh Register, July 11, 1857
Highly Interesting from Central America, New York Herald, July 14, 1857, 2
The Americans in Costa Rica, Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, DC), July 17, 1857, 3
Col. Titus Going Back to Kansas, Boston Traveler, July 18, 1857, 4
Titus Departing For Kansas, Manufacturers' and Farmers' Journal (Providence, RI), July 23, 1857, 1
Col. Titus Branded a Coward, New York Tribune, July 24, 1857, 5
Col. Titus, The Ripley Bee (Ripley, OH) July 25, 1857
Interesting from Costa Rica, New York Herald, Jul 29, 1857, 2
Arrival of the Cyane with Fifty-Three Walker Fillibusters, N. Y. Tribune, July 31, 1857, 7

Nicaragua, N. Y. Tribune, Aug. 13, 1857, 5
Important from Central America, New York Times, August 13, 1857, 1
The Quarrel over the Transit Route, New York Tribune, Aug. 18, 1857, 5
The Buttermilk Coming Out of the Stir-About, Evening Star (Washington, DC), Aug. 20, 1857, 2
Col. Cayce and the Transit Route, New York Herald, Aug. 20, 1857, 4
The Number of Gen. Walker's Forces--Why Those False Statements? New Orleans Sunday Delta, Aug. 23, 1857, 1
Later from Central America, San Francisco Bulletin, Aug. 31, 1857, 1

Later from Central America, Picayune (New Orleans), Sept. 1, 1857, 2
Encouraging News for the Cause of Nicaragua, Trinity Advocate (Palestine, TX), Sept. 16, 1857, 2

Nicaragua: The Renowned Col. Cauty, New York Times, Oct. 16, 1858, 2
Nicaragua, New York Tribune, Oct. 23, 1857, 6
Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, Oct. 26, 1857, 5

Central American Affairs, Boston Herald, Nov. 5, 1857, 2
Nicaragua, New York Tribune, Nov. 5, 1857, 6
From Central America, Charleston Courier, Nov. 10, 1857, 2
Further from Central America, Times Picayune (New Orleans, LA), Nov. 12, 1857, 1
Recognition of Nicaragua- New Treaty Setting the Transit Route, Weekly Herald (New York, NY), Nov. 21, 1857, 372
Nicaragua, Boston Herald, Nov. 30, 1857, 2
Arrival of the Northern Light, New York Times, Nov. 30, 1857, 1

Central and South America, New York Times, Dec. 1, 1857, 2
Nicaragua, NY Tribune, Dec. 1, 1857, 6
Capt. Cauty has captured the town of Tortuga, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dec. 2, 1857, 3
Walker's Nicaragua Expedition, Times Picayune (New Orleans, LA), Dec. 13, 1857, 8,1
Plots and Counterplots for the Nicaragua Transit Route-- Webster, Vanderbuilt, Garrison, the Cautys, etc., San Francisco Bulletin, Dec. 17, 1857, 2
Interesting From Nicaragua, Weekly Herald, Dec. 26, 1857, 2
Return of the Foreign President of Nicaragua, Springfield Republican (Springfield, MA), Dec. 29, 1857, 2
Expedition up the River San Juan, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dec. 30, 1857, 2
From Central America, Daily True Delta (New Orleans), Dec. 31, 1857, 3

The Surrender of Col. Anderson to the Susquehannah, N. Y. Herald, Jan. 14, 1858, 1

William Walker in New-Orleans, New York Tribune, February 3, 1858, 5
Filibusterism in America, N. Y. Herald, Feb. 10, 1858
The Indictment of General Walker in New Orleans, New York Herald, Feb. 12, 1858, 2
General William Walker in New Orleans, Columbus Daily Ohio Statesman, May 9, 1858, 2
Disposition of the Lockridge arms, New York Herald, May 31, 1858, 1
Settlement of the Boundry Between Nicaragua and Costa Rica, New York Herald, May 31, 1858, 1
Important from Nicaragua, New York Times, May 31, 1858, 1

Central America, New York Times, July 28, 1858, 1

Nicaragua, New York Times, Sept. 13, 1858, 2

Another Expedition to Nicaragua! Cleveland Plain Dealer, Oct. 21, 1858, 2
For Nicaragua, Daily National Intelligencer, Oct. 26, 1858, 3

Walker's Expedition to Nicaragua, Daily National Intelligencer, Nov. 3, 1858, 3
The Central American Imbroglio, New York Herald, Nov. 22, 1858, 1
 

Black Emigrants Not Wanted, Charleston Mercury, Nov. 13, 1862, 1

A Yankee Adventurer, Charleston Mercury, Oct. 24, 1863, 1

Interesting Incidents in the Career of a Veteran of Five Wars--Mexico, Cuba and Nicaragua, Times (Troy, NY), Dec. 13, 1888, 2

Was Not a Filibuster, Denver Post, Dec. 20, 1903, 14

Walker, the Wee Man Who Startled the World by His Amazing Success as a Filibuster and Became President of Nicaragua, Washington, DC Evening Star, Nov. 21, 1909, IV-5