William Alexander Morgan
(April 19, 1928-March 11, 1961)

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  William Morgan, seated, with beret.

Escambray guerrillas in 1958. Left to right: Nene Français, killed in the battle of Trinidad; Eloy Gutiérrez Menoyo, jailed by Castro 1965-1986; José García, killed in Cuba; Henry Fuerte, killed in the 1959 Haitian invasion; William Morgan, shot by Castro firing squad, March 1961.


Cuban War Aided by Second Front (N.Y. Times, April 3, 1958)
Castro Names Toledoan To Military Post (Jan. 5, 1959)
Leader of Castro’s Jungle Fighters Wants To Return Home To Toledo (Jan. 6, 1959)
Adventurer Divorced By Toledo Wife (Jan. 7, 1959)
Cuba Facing Rule By Decree For Next 18 Months (Jan. 7, 1959)
Ex-Toledoan To Tell Cuba Story In City (Feb. 27, 1959)
Cuba Cancels U.S. Tour By Morgan (March 4, 1959)
The Case Of Cuba’s Maj. Alex Morgan (May 23, 1959)
New Clashes Reported In Cuban Countryside (Aug. 11, 1959)
Toledoan Hailed As Hero In Foiling Castro Foes (Aug. 13, 1959)
Major Morgan Opposes Death For Plotters (Aug. 21, 1959)
Wife Of Toledo’s Rebel Major Has Baby In Havana (Sept. 1, 1959)
Ex-Toledoan Faces Citizenship Loss (Sept. 4, 1959)
Morgan’s Havana Home Target Of Gunfire From Car (Sept. 4, 1959)
Morgan to Fight Attempt to Strip U.S. Citizenship (Sept. 4, 1959)
US Turns Down Morgan Citizenship Request (Sept. 5, 1959)
Morgan Of Toledo Fights To Retain His Citizenship (Sept. 6, 1959)
Morgan Held Disavowing U.S. (Sept. 22, 1959)
Quitting U.S. Rights, Toledo Man Confirms (Sept. 25, 1959)
Morgan Says He’ll Become Cuban Citizen (Sept. 26, 1959)
Former Toledoan In Castro Forces Says He’s Cuban (Oct. 17, 1959)
Biggest Cuba Conspiracy Trial Goes On (Jan. 19, 1960)
Group In Cuban Revolt Dissolves (Feb. 28, 1960)
Dockworker set ship blast in Havana, American claims (March 7, 1960)
Frogs In New Command Of Toledo Major In Cuba (April 11, 1960)
Cuban Army Discloses Arrest Of Major Morgan, Ex-Toledoan (Oct. 22, 1960)
Castro Arrests Ex-Aide for ‘Double Cross’ (Oct. 22, 1960)
Ex-Toledoan Reported In Cuban Prison (Nov. 16, 1960)
Toledoan Held In Solitary, Havana Hears (Nov. 17, 1960)
Aid To Morgan By U.S. Hinted (Nov. 18, 1960)
Cubans Foil Morgan Plot (Dec. 4, 1960)
Llevado W. Morgan a Juicio (March 10, 1961)
Castro Demands Death Penalty For Ex-Toledoan (March 10, 1961)
Death Penalty Handed Morgan By Cuban Jury (March 11, 1961)
Once Cuban Hero, Buried as ‘Traitor’ (March 11, 1961)
Morgan Buried In Cuban Crypt, Fugitive Wife Stays In Hiding (March 13, 1961)
Saga Of William Morgan Ends In Cuban Cemetery (March 13, 1961)
Morgan Killed As Anti-Red, His Note Says (March 17, 1961)
Letter Left By Morgan Explains Fate (March 17, 1961)
Morgan’s Widow Seized In Cuba (March 19, 1961)
Condenan a Cinco Años de Cárcel a un Hombre y a una Mujer por Dar Refugio a la Viuda de Morgan (April 27, 1961)
William Morgan (June 20, 1963)
Toledoan’s Death In Cuba Detailed (August 2, 1963)
A Tribute to William Morgan (March 15, 1964)
Olga´s Dream (Reader´s Digest, Dec. 1981)

Memorandum of a Conversation, Washington, March 12, 1959, March 12, 1959, (260)
Editorial Note (348)
Telegram From the Embassy in Chile to the Embassy in Cuba, Aug. 12, 1959 (353)
Telegram From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State, Oct. 6, 1959, (366)
Letter From the Ambassador in Cuba (Bonsal) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Rubottom), Dec. 2, 1959, (403)

CIA Report, Aug. 17, 1959
CIA Report, Sept. 1, 1959
FBI Legat Havana, Sept. 3, 1959
Department of State, Jan. 22, 1960
FBI File (105-70973), March 9, 1960
U.S. Army Intelligence, March 11, 1960
INS Letter, March 14, 1960
U.S. Army Intelligence, March 28, 1960
FBI Miami Office, April 7, 1960
FBI N.Y. Office, Feb. 3, 1961
FBI Miami Office, April 10, 1961

The Insurrection Herbert Matthews, The Cuban Story (1961)
The Death of William Morgan John Martino, I Was Castro's Prisoner (1963)
The Counterrevolution and Trujillo Rufo Lopez-Fresquet, My fourteen months with Castro (1966)
Morgan, Matos and Our Pearl Harbor Paul D. Bethel, The Losers (1969)
William Morgan: From Intrigue to Frogs Jay Mallin and Robert K. Brown, MERC: American Soldiers of Fortune. (1979)
Chapter 21 Antonio Navarro, Tocayo: A Cuban Resistance Leader's True Story (1981)
The Trujillo Conspiracy Fabian Escalante, The Secret War (1995)

Colon Cemetery, Havana

Cuba's Yankee Comandante (Toledo Blade, March 3, 2002)
He died for no reason, says wife (Toledo Blade, March 4, 2002)
An escape from Cuba: Olga comes 'home' to Toledo (Toledo Blade, March 5, 2002)
Search for Toledoan’s remains is daunting (Toledo Blade, March 17, 2002)
Body of Toledo soldier of fortune cannot be found (Toledo Blade, April 5, 2002)
Widow wants Cuba to return husband's remains to U.S. (South Florida Sun Sentinel, March 4, 2002)
El regreso de los restos de William Morgan (El Nuevo Herald, March 6, 2002)
Widow pushes for remains of 'Yankee Commander' (The Dallas Morning News, March 31, 2002)
Cuban revolutionary's remains found, may be returned to Ohio (The Plain Dealer, Dec. 22, 2002)
Toledoan may be coming home (Toledo Blade, Dec. 22, 2002)


Amid Cuba thaw, widow fights to bring yanqui comandante home (Miami Herald, Feb. 22, 2015)
Remains of American who fought with Castro then tried to oust him - only to be brutally executed - could be returned to his wife in Ohio after more than FIVE DECADES  (Daily Mail, Feb. 22, 2015)