Pre-historic Era
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The origin and dispersal of modern humans, Homo sapiens. 




Anasazi and Hohokam
Sites of Early Hunters and Archaic periods




Shell tools
Mano and Metate

Serra da Capivara, Brazil
Pedra Furada, Brazil

    Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, publisher, Legendary Times magazine and
    director of Erich von Däniken's Center for Ancient Astronaut
     Kon-Tiki Trip Ends on Pacific Reef; Party Safe After 4,000-Mile
     Drift Thor Heyerdahl, Anthropologist and Adventurer, Dies at 87

Alegria, Ricardo E. The Ball Game Played by the Aborigines of the Antilles, American Antiquity, April 1951
Alegria, Ricardo E. On Puerto Rican Archaeology, American Antiquity, Oct. 1965
Alegria, Ricardo and H. B. Nicholson and Gordon R. Willey. The Archaic Tradition in Puerto Rico, American Antiquity, Oct. 1955
Alegria, Ricadro. The Fiesta of Santiago Apostol (St. James the Apostle) in Loiza, Puerto Rico, The Journal of American Folklore, Apr.- June, 1956
Bullen, Ripley. P. Archaeological Chronology of Grenada, American Antiquity, Oct. 1965
Buxton, L. H. Dudley, J. C. Trevor and Alvarez H. Julien. Skeletal Remains from the Virgin Islands, Man, April 1938
Cosculluela, J. A. Prehistoric Cultures of Cuba, American Antiquity, July 1946
Curet, L. Antonio. Ideology, Chiefly Power, and Material Culture: An Example from the Greater Antilles, Latin American Antiquity, June, 1996
Curet, L. Antonio, Lee A. Newsom, and Susan D. deFrance. Prehistoric Social and Cultural Changes at Tibes, Puerto Rico, Journal of Field Archaeology, Spring 2006
Curet, Luis Antonio. House Structure and Cultural Change in the Caribbean: Three Case Studies from Puerto Rico, Latin American Antiquity, June 1992
Goggin, John M. and Irving Rouse. A West Indian Axe From Florida. American Antiquity, April 1948
Hostos, Adolfo de. Anthropomorphic Carvings from the Greater Antilles. American Anthropologist, Oct.- Dec. 1923
Howard, Robert R. New Perspectives on Jamaican Archaeology, American Antiquity, Oct. 1965
Miller, Nicola. The Absolution of History: Uses of the Past in Casto's Cuba, Journal of Contemporary History, Jan. 2003
Osgood, Cornelius. Prehistoric Contact Between South America and the West Indies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan. 15, 1942
Siegel, Peter E. Contested Places and Places of Contest: The Evolution of Social Power and Ceremonial Space in Prehistoric Puerto Rico, Latin American Antiquity. Sep. 1999
Stewart, T. D. Negro Skeletal Remains from Indian Sites in the West Indies, Man, 1939
Swartz Jr., B. K. A Logical Sequence of Archaeological Objectives. American Antiquity, Oct. 1967
Ramos, Reniel Rodriquez, Elvis Babilonia, L. Antionio Curet, Jorge Ulloa. The Pre-Awarak Pottery Horizon in the Antilles: A New Approximation, Latin American Antiquity, Mar. 2008
Rouse, Irving. Areas and Periods of Culture in the Greater Antilles, Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, Autumn 1951
Rouse, Irving. Prehistory of the West Indies, Science, May, 1964
Zamora, Margarita. Abreast of Columbus: Gender and Discovery, Cultural Critique, Winter, 1990-1991

Chronological Periods
Chronological Table of Mesoamerican Archaeology
Why Anthroplogists Study Human Remains
The Ethical Dilemma Facing Conservation
Why Don't We Know When the First People Came to America?

Ancient Voyages to America - Who Were The First Explorers? (1:28 min.)
Evidence for Huge Cities in the Amazon Jungle (43:43 min)
Tracking the First Americans (Serra da Capivara, Brazil) BBC
The Childrens of Jaguar (The Huaorani of Ecuador)
The Tribe that Hides from Man: The Kreen-Akrore (Brazil)
The Red Skin Tribe in the Amazon of Brazil - Waiapi (Wajãpi)

The Gungywamp Society
Gungywamp Decoded
Damned Connecticut

Chaco Culture, New Mexico
Mesa Verde, Colorado

America's early people may have come by boat from Asia
Bolivian site is dinosaur paradise
Chilean Field Yields New Clues to Peopling of Americas
Dinosaur find thought to be longest ever
Dinosaur nesting site yields important fossil discoveries
Dinosaurios dejaron huella en Bolivia

Adventurers retrace ancient route in wooden raft
Brazilian fossil bears African features, could challenge theories on settlement
Early Migrants May Have Come by Land and Sea
Spaniard begins reed boat voyage across Pacific
Spanish adventurer crosses Pacific in reed boat
Study shows Andean record of El Nino for past 15,000 years
Taking the Wind Out of Leif Ericsson's Sails
Monte Verde Revisited
New type of dinosaur unearthed in Antarctic

American set to attempt round-the-world trip in reed boat
Ancient Site in Newfoundland Offers Clues to Vikings in America
Did the Vikings Stay? Vatican Files May Offer Clues
Fisherman finds remains of prehistoric mammal in Mexican lake bed

Story of Viking Colonies' Icy 'Pompeii' Unfolds From Ancient Greenland Farm
Hallan mastodonte en río salvadoreño

Civilization lost?
Tubers' cultural roots drying out in Peru
In Chile, Climate Clues to an Ancient People

Old Bones Bring Some Currency To a Broken Economy

Ancient skeleton found in submerged cave

Footprint challenges man's arrival

Oldest Skeleton in Americas Found in Underwater Cave?

Mexican Archaeologists Extract 10,000 Year-Old Skeleton from Flooded Cave in Quintana Roo

DNA of baby boy buried in Montana 12,600 years ago reveals most modern Native Americans ARE descended from Clovis man
Discoveries Challenge Beliefs on Humans’ Arrival in the Americas