July 20, 1999

New type of dinosaur unearthed in Antarctic

                   BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (Reuters) -- Fossils from a newly discovered
                   land-roving dinosaur adapted to a temperate climate have been unearthed
                   on an Antarctic island near the tip of South America in what experts are
                   calling a rare find.

                   The shin and splint bones and part of the thigh bone of a 12-foot
                   (four-meter) long biped herbivore were discovered in February on the
                   rocky beach of James Ross Island, 30 miles (50 km) south of Argentina's
                   Marambio Base at the tip of the Antarctic peninsula.

                   Uncertain of what they had found, two geologists from the Antarctic
                   Institute of Argentina showed the 74-million-year-old fossilized bones to
                   Fernando Novas, a paleontologist with the Argentine Museum of Natural

                   "This was a type of dinosaur as yet unknown. Now five species of
                   dinosaurs have been discovered in Antarctica," Novas told Reuters

                   The plant-eating member of the Iguanodon genus, a type of dinosaur first
                   discovered in Britain, had four limbs, a long tail, a short neck, stood upright
                   and lived in what was a temperate climate, he said.

                   The discovery shows dinosaurs may have been able to adapt to different
                   types of climates, such as the Antarctic climate of the time where average
                   water temperature ranged from 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 12
                   Celsius), Novas added.

                   Prior to this discovery, four different types of dinosaurs, the aquatic
                   mosasaur and land-roving hypsilophodon, ankylosaurus and hadrosaurus,
                   had been found in Antarctica.

                   Another expedition led by Jim Martin of the Museum of Geology in South
                   Dakota, found the remains of the duck-billed hadrosaur on the remote
                   Vega and Seymour Islands, also near the tip of South America in early

                   "Dinosaur fossils from this part of Antarctica will always be relatively rare
                   because the rocks were deposited in a shallow marine setting. Therefore,
                   the dinosaur remains are those that were washed out from shore,"
                   hadrosaur expedition leader Jim Martin, of the South Dakota museum, told

                   He said last year's hadrosaur find was the "first concrete proof" that
                   Argentina and Antarctica were connected during the age of dinosaurs.

                   Novas agreed.

                   "Certainly Antarctica was populated with dinosaurs but most of the
                   continent is covered in ice which makes it difficult to excavate," he said