The Washington Daily Union
November 10, 1854, page 2

    The San Diego Herald of the 3d instant publishes the following address of President Walker, dated November 30th:

    In declaring the republic of Lower California free, sovereign, and independent, I deem it proper to give the people of the United States the reasons for the step I have taken.
    It is due to the nationality which has most jealously guarded the independence of the American States to declare why another representative is created on the immediate confines of the Union.
    The Mexican government has for a long time failed to perform its duties to the province of Lower California. Cut off, as the territory was, by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, from all direct communication with the rest of Mexico, the central authorities have manifested little or no interest in the affairs of the California peninsula.
    The geographical position of the province is such as to make it certainly separate and distinct in its interest from the other portion of the Mexican republic. But the moral and social ties which bound it to Mexico have been even weaker and more deplorable than the physical.
    Hence, to develop the resources of Lower California and to effect a proper social organization therein, it is necessary to make it independent.
    The mineral and pastoral wealth of Lower California is naturally very great; but to properly develop it, there must be good government and sure protection to labor and property.
    Mexico is unable to furnish these requisites for the growth and prosperity of the peninsula.
    The territory, under Mexican rule, would forever remain wild, half-savage, and uncultivated, covered with an independent and half-civilized people, desirous of keeping all foreigners from entering the limits of the State.
    When the people of a territory fail almost entirely to develop the resources that Nature has placed at their command, the interest of civilization requires others to go in and possess the land.
    They cannot, nor should they be allowed to play "the dog in the manger," and keep others from possessing what they have failed to occupy and appropriate.
    Mexico has not performed any of the ordinary duties of government towards the people of Lower California.
    She has established no sure and ready means of communication for the people among them or the rest of the world, nor has she ever undertaken to protect them from the wandering robbers who infest the territory.
    Thus abandoning the peninsula, and leaving it as it was "a waif on the waters," Mexico cannot complain if others take it and make it valuable.
    On such considerations have I and my companions-in-arms acted in the course we have pursued.
    And, for the success of our enterprise, we put our trust in Him who controls the destinies of nations, and guides them in the ways of improvement and progress.
                                                                   WILLIAM WALKER,
                                                                    President of Lower California.