Peru and Ecuador Sign Treaty to End Longstanding Conflict
By THE NEW YORK TIMES
-- In an emotional ceremony that officially ends a bitter conflict that
generations, the presidents of Peru and Ecuador signed a peace treaty here Monday to open
their borders and create avenues for trade and development.
after the two countries had nearly stumbled back into war, the treaty relies
guarantor nations to outline the two nations' borders.
Blocked in a
stalemate over the ill-defined line, the presidents of Ecuador and Peru
Clinton and President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil to settle the dispute. In addition to
Brazil and the United States, the other guarantors are Chile and Argentina.
"We must continue
to free ourselves of our prejudices, to overcome traumas that have been
generated over more than half a century," President Alberto K. Fujimori of Peru said Monday.
Under the accord
Ecuador gains the use of a square kilometer of Peruvian territory at Tiwinza,
the Condor Mountains, where it will build a monument to its war dead. Though under Peruvian
sovereignty, the territory will remain under Ecuadorean control.
Tiwinza was the
site of the last Ecuadorean holdout against Peru in 1995, and 12 Ecuadorean
soldiers are believed to be buried there.
also gain access to the Amazon River and the right to build two ports in
Sweetening the peace were accords on navigation, trade and development that will release $3 billion
of aid to the region.
The two countries
plan to link electrical grids and have agreed that Ecuador may instead
turn to an
underused Peruvian pipeline.
Copyright 1998 The New York Times Company