Panama Invasion
(Operation Just Cause)
December 20, 1989

Click on the pictures

Noriega's headquarters. Noriega's Special Forces.

Patrolling the Panama Canal.


U.S. Troops Move in Panama in Effort to Seize Noriega; Gunfire is Heard in the Capital (N.Y. Times, Dec. 20, 1989)
Panama prepares to act out trauma of U.S. invasion
12 Years Later, Scars of the U.S. Invasion Remain


Kurt Muse
Kurt Muse

Panama Invasion Map
Maps of Panama
Eytan Gilboa, The Panama Invasion Revisited: Lessons for the Use of Force in the Post Cold War Era (Political Science Quarterly)
Invasion of Panama (Military.Com)
The Invasion of Panama was a Lawful Response to Tyranny
Military Women in Operation Just Cause
My Story of Operation Just Cause
Operation Just Cause (Military Analysis Network)
Operation JUST CAUSE (U.S. Army Center of Military History
Operation Just Cause Periodicals
Panama 1989 to 1990 (A Tribute to America's Heroes)
U.S. Invasion of Panama 1989