Key Events in Mexican Rebellions
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
1: Zapatista National Liberation Army emerges from jungles in
Chiapas state, seizing several towns to demanding improved conditions and
rights for Mexican Indians. Rebels retreat to jungle within days.
-- Jan. 12: President
Carlos Salinas declares cease-fire, ending open
fighting after at least 145 deaths.
-- Feb. 21: Peace
talks start in San Cristobal de las Casas. Government
makes peace offer after 10 days of talks. Zapatistas reject it in June.
-- Aug. 21: Pro-Zapatista
candidate loses Chiapas governor's race to the
government's Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI. Zapatistas claim
-- Oct. 8: Zapatistas suspend communication with government.
-- Dec. 1: President
Ernesto Zedillo enters office vowing to end the
Zapatista revolt. Within weeks, accepts rebel demand for church-led
-- Jan. 15: Rebel
Subcomandante Marcos and Interior Secretary Esteban
Moctezuma meet in Chiapas. Two days later, government orders army
-- Feb. 8: Peace
drive sours. Federal police find rebel arms in Mexico City
and Veracruz and identify Marcos and other Zapatista leaders. Marcos is
said to be Rafael Sebastian Guillen, a former university professor.
Government orders his arrest.
-- Feb. 9: Thousands
of soldiers enter rebel territory for first time since
uprising. Tens of thousands of rebel supporters flee.
-- March 9: Law grants amnesty to Zapatistas to encourage peace talks.
-- April 10: Negotiators in Chiapas jungle agree to resume peace talks.
-- April 22:
First round of talks begins in Chiapas town of San Andres
-- Feb. 16: Two
sides sign ``San Andres agreement'' to expand Indian
rights nationwide as a first step in peace pact.
-- June 28: New
Popular Revolutionary Army, or EPR, appears in
Guerrero state. Group unrelated to Zapatistas.
-- Aug. 28: At least 19 people die in EPR raids in four states.
-- Sept. 2: Rebels
announce withdrawal from peace talks; claim
government reneging on San Andres agreement.
-- Oct. 11: A
Zapatista leader openly visits Mexico City for first time:
Comandante Ramona, seriously ill, comes for medical treatment.
-- Dec. 6: Bill
drafted by congressmen to enact San Andres agreement is
accepted by rebels. Zedillo later says it must be modified to protect
national sovereignty. Zapatistas reject government counterproposal.
-- Dec. 22: Pro-government
group kills 45 rebel sympathizers in Chiapas
village of Acteal, the most dramatic of many continuing clashes linked the
-- July 2: Vicente Fox defeats PRI in presidential election.
-- Aug. 20: Coalition
candidate Pablo Salazar defeats PRI for Chiapas
governorship, vowing to eliminate anti-rebel paramilitary groups and work
-- Dec. 1: Fox
inaugurated. Promises to put San Andres rights bill to
Congress and orders army pullback in Zapatista regions.
-- Dec. 2: Zapatistas
conditionally accept resumption of peace talks,
announce plan to visit Mexico City.