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Mexican general and president (1851–53). A royalist in the revolt
against Spain, he later joined Agustín de Iturbide. He fought in
the Mexican army that tried to put down the Texas revolt (1836). In command
of the army in northern Mexico in the Mexican War, he was defeated by Zachary
Taylor at Palo Alto and at Resaca de la Palma
(1846). Arista succeeded J. J. Herrera as president. His administration
sought to bring fiscal stability to the nation. Difficulties in maintaining
a loyal cabinet and a conservative revolt in 1852 led to his resignation
the following year. While exiled in Europe, he died in Lisbon in 1855.
His remains were returned to Mexico in 1880.
Arista (Handbook of Texas Online)
General Mariano Arista