Colombian revolutionist. Given command of the guerrillas of the llanos
by Simón Bolívar, Santander materially contributed to the
victory at Boyacá. In Oct., 1821,
he became vice president of Colombia and ably administered the country during Bolívarís long absences. A believer in constitutional government, Santander led
the federalist opposition to Bolívar, who, on Sept. 24, 1828, suspended him from office. That night Bolívar barely escaped assassination. Convicted without proof
of complicity in the plot, Santander was sentenced to death, but was instead banished.
After Bolívarís death and the dissolution of the republic of Greater Colombia, he returned and served (1832Ė36) as president of New Granada. His administration
was competent, but there were plots against his life and he maintained control only by force.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001.