Cuba ratifies the Tlatelolco Treaty
ON behalf of the Republic of Cuba, on October 23, 2002, the Cuban
Embassy in Mexico City proceeded to deposit the instrument of
ratification of the Treaty for the Proscription of Nuclear Weapons in
Latin America and the Caribbean, known as the Tlatelolco Treaty.
The objective of the Tlatelolco Treaty is to establish a nuclear
weapons-free zone in that part of the Western Hemisphere
encompassing the Latin American and Caribbean countries. With
Cuba’s ratification, the treaty comes into effect in the entire area of
its application, establishing it as the first inhabited region of the planet
completely free of nuclear weapons.
The treaty’s obligations include the prohibition of testing, use,
manufacture, production or acquisition of any nuclear weapons. Also
banned is the reception, storage, installation, emplacement or any
form of possession of such weapons.
Cuba signed the Tlatelolco Treaty on March 25, 1995, thus
expressing its political will and commitment to the application of that
legal instrument. That was essentially an act of solidarity with the
countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, despite the fact that
the United States, the only nuclear power in the Americas, was
maintaining a hostile policy towards Cuba, accentuating its economic,
commercial and financial blockade, reinforcing its campaign against
the country and has continued to maintain, against the will of the
Cuban people, its illegal occupation of one part of national territory.
At the time of ratifying the Tlatelolco Treaty, these obstacles
continue to be present and have even grown. However, in opposition
to the world superpower’s interests in making unilateralism prevail in
the solution to international problems, Cuba, once again, is
demonstrating its commitment to promoting, strengthening and
consolidating multilateralism and international treaties on
disarmament and armaments’ control.
The ratification of the Tlatelolco Treaty reaffirms Cuba’s adhesion to
and respect for the principle of nuclear non-proliferation within a
global context. That is, the application of measures in this arena
merely constitutes an intermediary step in the process towards the
total elimination of nuclear weapons. This step taken by Cuba
signifies, moreover, an important contribution to regional efforts in
favor of nuclear disarmament, peace and international security.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs