by Michael R. Hardwick

Spanish Empire and Exploration

                         Brandes, Ray. The Costanso Narrative of the Portola Expedition. Newhall:
                         Hogarth, 1970.

                         Carner-Ribalta J. Gaspar de Portola: Explorer of California. Tecolote
                         Publications, San Diego. 1990; ISBN 0-938711-07-5.

                         Costanso, Miquel ed. By Peter Browning. The Discovery of San Francisco Bay:
                         The Portola Expedition of 1769-1770; (originally published: by Teggart. Berkeley,
                         1911) Great West Books, Lafayette, CA; 1992.

                         Cutter, Donald C. California in 1792: A Spanish Naval Visit; University of
                         Oklahoma Press; Norman and London; 1990.

                         Fages, Pedro. A Historical, Political, and Natural Description of California
                         [1775]. Ed. and trans. by Herbert Ingram Priestley. Berkeley: University of
                         California Press, 1937.

                         Fontana, Bernard L. Entrada: The Legacy of Spain and Mexico in the United
                         States; Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, Tuscon; 1994; ISBN

                         Harring, C.H. The Spanish Empire in North America. New York: Harcourt, Brace
                         & World, Inc. 1963.

                         Ives, Ronald L. Jose Velasquez: Saga of a Borderland Soldier; Southwestern
                         Mission Research Center; Tuscon; 1984; ISBN 0-915076-10-1.

                         Kendrick, John, ed. and trans. The Voyage of the SUTIL and MEXICANA, 1792:
                         The Last Spanish Exploration of the Northwest Coast of America. Spokane
                         Wash.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1991.

                         Lavender, David. De Soto, Coronado, Cabrillo: Explorers of the Northern
                         Mystery: Handbook 144; NPS U.S. Dept. Of the Interior, Washington D.C.

                         Pourade, Richard F. The History of San Diego: The Explorers, Commissioned by
                         James S. Copley, The Union-Tribune Publishing Company, 1960.

                         Pourade, Richard F. The Call to California, Commissioned by James S. Copley,
                         The Union-Tribune Publishing Company, 1968.

                         Margolin, Malcolm. Monterey in 1786: The Journals of Jean Francois de La
                         Perouse; Heyday Books, Berkeley; 1989; ISBN 0-930588-39-8.

                         Weber, David J. The Spanish Frontier in North America, Yale University Press,
                         New Haven and London; 1992; ISBN 0-300-05917-5 (pbk.)


                         Brinckerhoff, Sidney B. And Faulk, Odie B. Lancers for the King: A Study of the
                         Frontier Military System of Northern New Spain, with a Translation f the Royal
                         Regulations of 1772; Phoenix, Arizona, 1965.

                         Faulk, Odie B. And Faulk Laura E. Defenders of the Interior Provinces, Presidial
                         Soldiers on the Northern Frontier of New Spain; The Albuquerque Museum, 2000
                         Mountain Road NW, Albuquerque , NM, 87104; 1988.

                         Garate, Don, Scott, Sandra ed. Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail;
                         Southwest Parks and Monuments Association; Tucson, 1994. ISBN 1-877856-44-4.

                         Gerald, Rex E. Spanish Presidios of the Late Eighteenth Century in Northern
                         New Spain. Museum of New Mexico Research Records number 7; Museum of
                         New Mexico Press; Santa Fe 1968.

                         Howard, Donald M. California's Lost Fortress: The Royal Presidio of Monterey.
                         Monterey, CA: Angel Press, 1976.

                         Langellier, John Phillip, and Rosen, Daniel B. El Presidio de San Francisco: A
                         History under Spain and Mexico 1776-1846; Los Angeles Corral of Westerners;
                         The Arthur H. Clark Company, Spokane,WA. 1996; ISBN 0-87062-239-0.

                         Larkin, Rita, ed. "A Landscape of the Past -The Story of the Royal Presidio
                         Excavations" The Journal of San Diego History, Vol XIV, Number 4 (October
                         1968): 5-32.

                         Mason, Bill. "The Garrisons of San Diego Presidio: 1770 -1794" The Journal of
                         San Diego History Vol XXIV, Number 4 (Fall 1978): 399-424.

                         May, Ronald V.. "The Fort That Never was on Ballast Point" The Journal of San
                         Diego History Vol XXXI, Number 2 (Spring 1985): 121-136.

                         Moorhead, Max L. The Presidio, Bastion of the Spanish Borderlands; University
                         of Oklahoma Press, 1975, paperback (1991); Norman and London; ISBN

                         Pritchard, William E. "El Castillo de Monterey Frontline of Defense: Uncovering
                         the Spanish Presence in Alta California." California History, LXII (Summer
                         1984): 230-240.

                         Ruhge, Justin M. Gunpowder and Canvas: The History of Maritime Influence on
                         the Central Coast of California, Quantum Imaging Associates, Goleta, CA. 1987.
                         ISBN 0-9614807-2-6.

                         Servin, Manuel P. (Trans.) "Costanso's 1794 Report on Strengthening New
                         California's Presidios. " California Historical Society Quarterly, vol. 49, No. 3,

                         Whitehead, Richard S. "Alta California's Four Fortresses." Southern California
                         Historical Review, LVI (Spring 1983): 67-94.

                         Whitehead, Richard S. Citadel on the Channel: The Royal Presidio of Santa
                         Barbara, its founding and construction 1782-1798. Ed. Donald C. Cutter; The
                         Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation and The Arthur H, Clark Company,
                         Spokane, WA. 1996; ISBN 1-879208-02-4.

                         Whitehead, Richard S. Ed. / Jackman Jarrell C. (Translator). A Spanish Soldier in
                         the Royal Presidio of Santa Barbara: Related by Rafael Gonzalez to Thomas
                         Savage in Santa Barbara, 1878; Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation
                         through Bellerophon Books, 1987.

                         Williams, Jack S. "Fortress Tucson: Architecture and the Art of War
                         (1775-1856)", The Smoke Signal. Tucson Corral of the Westerners ( Spring and
                         Fall 1988) 168:188.

                         Williams, Jack S. "The Presidio of Santa Cruz de Terrenate: A Forgotten
                         Fortress of Southern Arizona", The Smoke Signal. Tucson Corral of the
                         Westerners ( Spring and Fall 1986) 129-148.

                         Vallejo, Platon Mariano Guadalupe. Memoirs of the Vallejos: New Light on the
                         History, Before and After The "Gringos" came, based on Original Documents
                         and recollections of Dr. Platon M.G. Vallejo, James D. Stevenson in cooperation
                         with The Napa County Historical Society, 1994. ISBN 1-885852-02-9.

Military, Uniforms, Equipment

                         Archer, Christon I. "Spanish Exploration and Settlement of the Northwest Coast
                         in the 18th Century," Sound Heritage. VII (January-March 1978): 33-53.

                         Beilharz, Edwin A. Felipe de Neve: First Governor of California. California
                         Historical Society; San Francisco. 1971.

                         Brinckerhoff, Sidney B. And Chamberlain, Pierce A. Spanish Colonial Weapons in
                         Colonial America, 1700-1821; Stackpole Books, Cameron and Kelker Streets,
                         Harrisburg, PA. 17105; 1972; ISBN 0-8117-1584-1.

                         Burrus, Ernest J. "Rivera Y Moncada, Explorer and Military Commander in Both
                         Californias, in Light of His Diary and Other Contemporary Documents" The
                         Hispanic American Historical Review, L(November 1970): 682-692.

                         Bueno, Jose. Uniformes Militares Españoles: Tropas Virreynales (1) Nueva
                         España, Yucatan Y Luisiana. Malaga: Jose Bueno, 1984.

                         Cisneros, Jose. Riders Across the Centuries: Horsemen of the Spanish
                         Borderlands; The University of Texas at El Paso; 1988; ISBN 87404-209-7 (paper).

                         Campbell, Eon G. "The First Californios: Presidial Society in Spanish
                         California, 1769-1822." Journal of the West, XI (October 1972): 582-595.

                         Cook, S. F. "The Monterey Surgeons During the Spanish Period in California."
                         Bulletin of the Institute of the History of Medicine, V (January 1937): 43-72.

                         Fireman, Janet R. The Spanish Corps of Engineers in the Western Borderlands:
                         Instrument of Bourbon Reform 1764 to 1815; The Arthur H. Clark Company,
                         Glendale, CA. 1977; ISBN 0-87062-116-5.

                         Faulk, Odie B. The Leather Jacket Soldier: Spanish Military Equipment and
                         Institutions of the late 18th Century. Pasadena, CA: Socio-Technical Publications,

                         Guest, Florian. "The Establishment of Villa Branciforte." California Historical
                         Quarterly, XLI (March 1962): 29-50.

                         Jo Mora. Californios: The Saga of the Hard-riding Vaqueros, America's First
                         Cowboys; Dober Hill Ltd. Ketchum, ID 1994. ISBN 0-922029-19-9.

                         Langellier, and Peterson, Katherine Meyers. "Lances and Leather Jackets:
                         Presidial Forces in Spanish Alta California, 1769-1821." Journal of the West,
                         XX (October 1981):3-11.

                         Mackey, Margaret Gilbert and Sooy, Louise Pinkney. Early California Costumes,
                         1769-1850. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. 1932. ISBN 0-8047-0994-7.

                         Sanchez, Joseph P. Spanish Bluecoats: The Catalonian Volunteers in Northern
                         New Spain, 1767-1803. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1990.

                         Simmons, Marc "Santiago, The saint of conquest" New Mexico, Vol 70, Number
                         1, (January 1992): 24-31.

                         Spring, Ted. Sketchbook 56, Vol. IV: Las Compañías de Infanteria de Las
                         Américas, The Spanish Colonial Era Infantry, 1739-1781; Spanish Uniforms,
                         weapons and Historical items of Spanish troops in Colonial America and
                         during the French and Indian Wars; T.M. Spring; St. Louis MO. 1990; Track of
                         the Wolf Co. Inc.

                         Thurman, Michael E. The Naval Department of San Blas: New Spain's Bastion
                         for Alta California and Nootka 1767 to 1798. Glendale, CA: The Arthur H. Clark
                         Company, 1967.


                         Bancroft, Hubert Howe. Vol XIX. History of California, Vol II. 1801-1824;
                         Wallace Hebberd; Santa Barbara, CA. 1966.

                         Vol XVII. History of California Vol I. 1542-1800; Wallace Hebberd; Santa
                         Barbara, CA. 1966.

                         Chavez, Thomas E. "Spain's Support Vital to U.S. Independence" New Mexico,
                         Vol 70, Number 1, (January 1992): 32-37.

                         Crosby, Harry W. Antiqua California: Mission and Colony on the Peninsular
                         Frontier, 1697-1768; University of New Mexico Press Albuquerque; 1994.

                         Cutter, Donald C. "Plans for the Occupation of Upper California, A New Look
                         at the 'Dark Age' from 1602 to 1769"; The Journal of San Diego History, The
                         San Diego Historical Society; Vol XXIV, (Winter 1978): 79-90.

                         Daniels, George G.ed. The Spanish West; Time-Life Books; 1976 .

                         Engstrand, Iris Wilson. "The Occupation of the Port of San Diego de Alcala,
                         1769"; The Journal of San Diego History, The San Diego Historical Society; Vol
                         XXIV, (Winter 1978): 91-96.

                         Storke, Mrs. Yda Addis. A Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties
                         of Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura California; The Lewis
                         Publishing Company; Chicago; 1891