New York Times
October 16, 1964

Khrushchev Ousted From Top Posts; Brezhnev Gets Chief Party Position And Kosygin Is Named New Premier

                 Moscow Is Quiet

                 Pravda Says Change Won't Bring Return of Harsh Policies

                 Krushchev Is Ousted From Top Posts and Replaced by Brezhnev and Kosygin

                 Rift with Peking Believed Factor

                 New Leaders May Suspend Showdown Conference of Communist Parties

                 By HENRY TANNER

                 Special to The New York Times

                 Moscow, Friday, Oct. 16--Premier Khrushchev has been deprived of political power in the Soviet Union.

                 He was replaced by Leonid I. Brezhnev, 57 years old, as First Secretary of the Communist party and
                 by Aleksei N. Kosygin, 60, as Premier.

                 Mr. Khrushchev, who is 70, even lost his seat in the Presidium of the Central Committee of the
                 party, the third most important position he held in the leadership.

                 This indicated that he had fallen into disgrace.

                 [Dispatches did not mention if Mr. Khrushchev had been removed from the Central Committee
                 itself. Under normal procedure such action would come at a meeting of the Soviet Communist party

                 Adzhubei Reported Ousted

                 The changes were announced by Tass, the Soviet press agency a few minutes after midnight.

                 The Tass statement did not contain a single word of praise for the ousted leader.

                 Unofficial but reliable sources later reported that Aleksei I. Adzhubei, Mr. Khrushchev's
                 son-in-law, had been deposed as chief editor of the Government newspaper Izvestia.

                 Mr. Khrushchev's whereabouts was not known. Nor was it known whether he was at liberty or
                 under surveillance. Western diplomats assumed, however, that the changeover had been made

                 Diplomats Voice Assurance

                 Moscow's streets were quiet. There were no signs of movement by either the army or police. Some
                 of the smaller Western embassies, which had been without a police guard for the last several months,
                 reported yesterday that the policemen were back in front of the gates.

                 Western diplomats said they did not expect the new leaders to change basic Soviet policy toward
                 the West.

                 Mr. Brezhnev and Mr. Kosygin can be expected to continue Mr.
                 Khrushchev's policy of "peaceful coexistence" with the United States, the
                 diplomats said.

                 The Soviet Communist party newspaper Pravda indicated today that the party
                 would continue to carry out policies of de-Stalinization and economic
                 improvements under its new leadership.

                 The paper printed the same bare announcement that had been carried in the
                 English-language version of Tass. There were one-column pictures of Mr.
                 Kosygin and Mr. Brezhnev but no comment.

                 Pravda printed the following statement:

                 "The Communist party of the Soviet Union firmly and positively translates into
                 reality the Leninist general line worked out at the 20th and 22d congresses of
                 the party."

                 This could be construed as an assurance that there would be no return to
                 Stalin's dictatorial policies.

                 Informed sources expressed the conviction that it was the Chinese-Soviet
                 conflict that had led to Mr. Khrushchev's fall.

                 Mr. Brezhnev and Mr. Kosygin can be expected to put an end to the drive
                 toward a showdown with the Chinese Communists, which has been the
                 foremost trait of the last few months of the Khrushchev regime, the sources

                 December Meeting in Doubt

                 The sources said the new leadership might well have decided, even before
                 coming to power, to call off the meeting of 26 Communist parties that was to
                 begin here Dec. 15.

                 The meeting was to make preparations for a full-scale conference of the
                 world Communist parties.

                 Mr. Khrushchev had staked his own prestige and that of the Communist party
                 of the Soviet Union and the Soviet Government on this project for a

                 But the response of the invited parties had been deeply disappointing. With
                 Mr. Khrushchev's continued presence at the helm, the sources said, the
                 Soviet leadership would have been committed to go through with a potentially
                 disastrous project, while without him it would feel free to change plans and
                 avoid a showdown.

                 Mr. Khrushchev has been under vitriolic personal attack by the Chinese

                 The two new Soviet leaders have consistently echoed the Khrushchev line on
                 the Chinese-Soviet conflict and other issues. But this was not regarded as
                 preventing them from adopting different policies now.

                 In the past Mr. Khrushchev had also been under attack for his agricultural
                 policies. But this was not thought to have been a central issue in his fall.

                 This year's crop has been good, especially in the virgin lands, which was Mr.
                 Khrushchev's special pride.

                 Removal Took Two Days

                 The maneuvering to bring about Mr. Khrushchev's fall from power covered
                 two days, according to Tass. The meeting of the Central Committee, which
                 took the party leadership from him Wednesday, was followed by a meeting of
                 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (Parliament), which stripped him of the
                 Premiership yesterday, the press agency reported.

                 Mikhail A. Suslov, a spokesman in the Kremlin's dispute with Communist
                 China, was reported to have delivered the key address. Mr. Suslov had
                 appeared at times to be lukewarm in his support of Mr. Khrushchev.

                 It was President Anasatas I. Mikoyan, Mr. Khrushchev's closest and oldest
                 friend in the leadership, who presided over the session of the Presidium.

                 Mr. Mikoyan lived up to his reputation of being adept at surviving political
                 upheavals. He is the only man left who has been near the center of Soviet
                 power continuously since the middle nineteen-twenties and all through Stalin's

                 The Tass announcement emphasized that Mr. Khrushchev had been relieved
                 of his duties at his own "request." If that was true he was the first Soviet
                 leader since the revolution to have taken such a step.

                 Tass Report of Action

                 The Tass report said:

                 "The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. met Oct. 15 this year
                 with Comrade A. I. Mikoyan, the President of the Presidium of the Supreme
                 Soviet of the U.S.S.R. in the chair.

                 "The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. discussed the question
                 of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R.

                 The Tass announcement said:

                 "The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. granted the request of
                 Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev on his relief from the duties of Chairman of
                 the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. in view of his advanced age and
                 deterioration of health.

                 "The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. appointed Comrade
                 Aleksei Nikolayevich Kosygin as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the
                 U.S.S.R., releasing him from his duties of First Vice Chairman of the Council
                 of Ministers of the U.S.S.R.

                 "The decrees by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. on the
                 relief of Comrade N. S. Khrushchev from his duties as Chairman of the
                 Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R., and on the appointment of Comrade A.
                 N. Kosygin as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. were
                 adopted unanimously by the members of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
                 of the U.S.S.R.

                 "The members of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.
                 warmly congratulated Comrade A. N. Kosygin on his appointment to the post
                 of Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R.

                 "Comrade A. N. Kosygin heartily thanked the Central Committee of the
                 Communist party of the Soviet Union and the Presidium of the Supreme
                 Soviet of the U.S.S.R/ for the confidence shown him and gave the assurance
                 that he would do his utmost to discharge his duties."

                 The transformation of the Soviet regime came virtually without warning.
                 Rumors that a major political event was imminent started in the early evening.

                 Communist correspondence from Western countries were told, apparently by
                 party officials, to keep their radios tuned in for an announcement.

                 All through the day there had been a series of small but unusual events that
                 caught the attention of correspondents and warned them that an upheaval
                 might be in the making.

                 Mr. Khrushchev's name was not mentioned in any of yesterday's newspapers,
                 except in the published text of a speech made at the airport yesterday by
                 President Osvaldo Dorticos Torrado of Cuba.

                 Last night, President Mikoyan accompanied President Dorticos to a concert
                 in the Kremlin's Palace of Congresses as if nothing had happened.

                 Mr. Khrushchev's picture should have gone up in many places around the city
                 in preparation for the big homecoming celebration and parade for the crew of
                 the spaceship Voskhod.

                 The celebration is expected tomorrow or Sunday, but observers noted that in
                 several places the familiar picture was absent.

                 Then Tass, announced that there had been a lunch at the Kremlin for
                 President Dorticos. It listed virtually all members of the party leadership as
                 present but not Mr. Khrushchev.

                 The absence was all the more striking since Mr. Khrushchev had been reliably
                 reported to have returned to Moscow from the Black Sea coast yesterday.

                 In the afternoon, the Russians gave a reception for Gaston Palewski, the
                 French Minister of Atomic Research who is here on a visit.

                 President Mikoyan, Mr. Brezhnev, Mr. Kosygin and other Soviet leaders
                 were present, but Mr. Khrushchev again was absent.

                 A luncheon for the visiting Foreign Trade Minister of Italy, which was
                 scheduled for 1:30 P.M., was delayed for two hours without an explanation.

                 A large number of black limousines were parked most of yesterday morning
                 in front of the downtown building that houses the headquarters of the Central
                 Committee of the party.

                 This seemed to indicate that a meeting of the Central Committee was being

                 To cap it all, the Government newspaper Izvestia failed to appear at its usual
                 time last night. It is usually available 6 P.M.

                 Members of the staff said by telephone that the paper would not appear till
                 early morning, together with Pravda, the party newspaper. Such a delay
                 occurs on occasions when the party and the Government want to issue a
                 major statement.

                 The last time Mr. Khrushchev was in the news was Monday when he had a
                 cheerful radio conversation with Dr. Boris B. Yegorov, a member of the crew
                 of the Voskhod shortly after the spaceship had gone into orbit.

                 He told Dr. Yegorov to keep himself and the other crew members in good
                 shape for the huge "reception we are organizing for you [in Moscow] when
                 you get back."